QoS Provisioning in Internet of Things (IoT)

This work is planned to analyze the existing MAC protocols and QoS architectures proposed for IoT and design a new QoS scheme for IoT. Scalable MAC protocol (for heterogeneous networks with massive number of different types devices) will be designed for facilitating seamless connectivity in IoT. After studying the various IoT applications (Smart Cities, Industry, Smart Home, Healthcare, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), Environment Monitoring, Smart Agriculture etc.), QoS requirements for such applications will be analyzed. Finally, a QoS architecture will be proposed for the targeted applications in IoT. The performance of the proposed QoS architecture will be measured in test bed as well as through simulation study.

Funding Agency: Department of Electronics & Information Technology (DeitY)

Sanctioned Amount: Rs 82.4 Lacs

Duration: 3 Years (2015-2018)

Current Status: Ongoing

Dr. Md. Iftekhar Hussain
Dr. Debashis De
Associate Professor
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, West Bengal
Research Scientist
Nurzaman Ahmed

Research Scientist
Hafizur Rahman

Sponsored by DeitY, Govt. of India
Study and analysis of scalability schemes for machine-to-machine networks

Scalability is the key to handling the explosive growth in the IoT. With the increasing number of nodes, all the other components increase proportionally. The IoT applications must have the ability to support an increasing number of connected devices, users, application features, and analytics capabilities without any degradation in the QoS. Monitoring, securing, and managing an increasing number of devices require a proportionate increase in the resources. As a massive number of connections need to be maintained by a cloud server with the deployed devices, provisioning scalability in it is the primary concern. Networking and communicating such huge number of devices is another challenge of IoT. The objective of this work is to analyze the scalability issues over IoT.

Study and Analysis of Interoperability issues among Heterogeneous types of IoT devices

Interoperability is the key issues ailing the mass adoption of IoT devices. From connected home, cars and cities, the IoT creates opportunities in numerous domains. It provides connectivity to about every objects found in the physical space. The communication among these heterogeneous devices is enabled by different protocols and technologies. As these devices are designed by different companies with different standards and technologies; there are issues exist in their connectivity. Ensuring interoperability among these heterogeneous IoT scenarios is a challenging task. The main goal of this work is to provide seamless communication (Interoperability) among heterogeneous devices that are enabled by different functionalities, hardware platform, protocols and technologies in IoT.

Provisioning Security over resource constrained IoT devices

IoT is a network with resource constrained devices which can collect, connect, and transmit data over the Internet. IoT devices are globally connected and accessible from anywhere, so provisioning secure and efficient communication between such objects in IoT is very much important, but challenging due the constrained nature of the devices. Communication between such constrained devices and other entities relies on radio wave, which is susceptible to many attacks. The concept of IoT has considerably been extended, thus the security concept becomes vital in an IoT applications nowadays. So far security operation is kept unattended due to which devices are prone to be attacked. Aim of this work is to design a security protocol framework for IoT.

QoS provisioning over Internet of Things (IoT)

The demands of IoT has increased rapidly and hence the QoS of IoT application became a hot and unexpanded research topic in today’s era. There are so many challenges in IoT to be addressed like availability, reliability, mobility, performance, scalability, interoperability, security, management, and trust. So the requirement of QoS for all these IoT application is very much necessary to provide the services in some better and smart way. There are so many protocol or efficient ways are developed to provide QoS service to the already exist applications depending upon their types of services or their needs. The aim of this work is to analyze the QoS challenges in IoT.

Routing Issues of Internet of Things (IoT)

In today’s world, internet is an important thing of communicating various devices, which has the potential to change the world. The IoT is an integration of various technologies provides connectivity to every device, all time and at everywhere. In IoT infrastructures devices are resource constrained especially energy and power that senses intelligent data from the environment and are delivered to the Base station for performing further operation making it an intelligent environment. The key component for acquiring these is efficient routing protocol especially multipath routing that improves data transmission, energy-efficiency, and scalability and so on. The routing methods in IoT are still a blank. Aim of work in this field is to design a routing protocol for IoT which is energy aware and reliable.

Arnab Roy

Developing an IoT Prototype through Smart Lighting

While the theoretical concept of IoT has been around for years very few implementation has actually been done . In this project, we have implemented an IoT prototype through smart lighting using Arduino Uno and Teleduino which is capable of switching on/off the lighting of a room. It also sends live sensory data to the client over the Internet. Furthermore, we installed an open source IoT cloud Thingspeak in localhost and tested it using Node MCU.

Mr Lukumoni Sonowal

Md Fidal Ahmed

Md Moktadur Rahman

Mr Jagadish Doley

  • N. Ahmed, and Md. I. Hussain, “Relay-based IEEE 802.11ah network: A Smart City Solution “ , IEEE International Conference on Cloudification of Internet of Things (CIoT), 2016, (IEEE)
  • H. Rahman, N. Ahmed, and Md. I. Hussain, “A hybrid data aggregation scheme for provisioning Quality of Service (QoS) in Internet of Things (IoT)”, IEEE International Conference on Cloudification of Internet of Things (CIoT), 2016, (IEEE)
  • N. Ahmed, and I. Hussain, “A Distributed Channel Access Mechanism for IEEE 802.11ah", IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT), 2016, (IEEE)
  • N. Ahmed, H. Rahman, I. Hussain “A Comparison of 802.11ah and 802.15.4 for IoT” Information & Communications Technology Express (ICT Express), vol. 2, pp. 100-102, Elsevier, 2016.
  • H. Rahman, N. Ahmed, and I. Hussain, "Comparison of Data Aggregation Techniques in Internet of Things (IoT)", accepted for publication in International Conference on Wireless Communications, Signal Processing and Networking (WiSPNET 2016), March 23-25, 2016, Chennai, India (IEEE)
  • N. Ahmed, H. Rahman, and I. Hussain, "Scalability Analysis of Medium Access Control Protocols for Internet of Things", accepted for publication in International Conference on Communication and Networks (COMNET 2016), Feb 20-21, 2016, Ahmedabad, India (Springer)
  • H. Rahman, N. Ahmed, and I. Hussain "Internet of Things (IoT): Advances and Research Challenges" in International conference on Computing and Communication Systems (I3CS-2015), Shillong, India, pp. 89-96
  • QoS provisioning in wifi based Long distance Wireless networks for Hilly Terrain Areas

    This work was planned to study and analyze the MAC protocols and available QoS architectures for long distance wifi links initially. After studying the QoS requirements for the rural applications (Rural Telemedicine, e-learning etc.), the suitability of such protocols in hilly terrain rural areas are analyzed. Finally, a QoS architecture was proposed for the targeted rural applications over long distance wifi links. The performance of the proposed architecture have been measured using test bed and through simulation.

    Funding Agency: Department of Electronics & Information Technology (DeitY)

    Sanctioned Amount: Rs 67.08 Lacs

    Duration: 3 Years (2012-2015)

    Current Status: Completed

    Dr. Md. Iftekhar Hussain
    Sponsored by DeitY, Govt. of India



    Book chapters Contributed:

    • I Hussain, "Wireless Networks for Rural Connectivity: An affordable Solution to Digital Divide" Information and Communication Technology for Education, Healthcare and Rural Development, Narosa Publishing House, ISBN: 978-81-8487-205-7, pp. 15-21, 2012
    • I Hussain, N Sarma and D K Saikia "QoS Issues in Long Distance Wireless Networks for Rural Areas" Machine Intelligence-Recent Advances, Narosa Publishing House, ISBN: 978-81-8487-140-1, pp. 109-118, 2011